How mentorship is inspiring the next generation of Black engineering researchers

From left to right: Anuli Ndubuisi (OISE PhD candidate), Bettina Oghinan (Year 3 MechE) and Mai Ali (ECE PhD candidate) (Photos: Safa Jinje)
From left to right: Anuli Ndubuisi (OISE PhD candidate), Bettina Oghinan (Year 3 MechE) and Mai Ali (ECE PhD candidate) (Photos: Safa Jinje)

FEBRUARY 17, 2023 • By Safa Jinje

As a high school student in Brampton, Ont., Bettina Oghinan (Year 3 MechE) was drawn to mathematics and physics. She wanted to go deeper to learn exactly how things are made, so she could one day create her own original designs. 

“I’ve advanced through my first three years as an engineering student, but I’ve only scratched the surface of the technical topics I am interested in,” she says. 

“I want to go to grad school, so I can pursue knowledge that can one day add value to research teams in industry.”  

Oghinan’s destination of choice is the University of Toronto Institute for Aerospace Studies (UTIAS), where she hopes to further her mechanical engineering education by specializing in research that will improve aircraft designs.   

Throughout her degree, Oghinan has relied on people around her, including upper-year students, professors and members of the U of T Aerospace Team, to help her make informed decisions. But she understands this could be a challenge for some Black engineering students. 

“It can be isolating if you don’t know that there is a community of Black students that have been in your position, and have had similar experiences, and that you can reach out to them,” she says.  

“If you don’t see people who look like you around you — the way students who aren’t marginalized see people like themselves all around them — then you won’t benefit from a valuable transfer of information.”  

It’s a situation that Professor Philip Asare (ISTEP, EngSci), Dean’s advisor for Black inclusivity, is very familiar with. In 2018, he published a study called “People Like Me, which looked beyond exceptional examples of BIPOC success to find visible role models, mentors and coaches for underrepresented students pursuing education and careers in STEM fields.  

“The motivation for the project came from my own experiences as a Black undergraduate student,” he says. 

“A lot of the people who were presented as potential role models tended to be what I call outliers: people like Barack Obama and Wes Hall, who are so successful that the likelihood of failure was high in trying to emulate them. 

“The idea behind the project was to inspire underrepresented folks to see themselves more in STEM professions and to know that people like themselves have been through the path and made it on the other end.” 

While U of T Engineering offers pre-university mentorship programs for Black students in elementary and high school who are interested in pursuing STEM, there are currently no formal mentorship programs for Black undergraduate students who want to pursue graduate studies. However, a new student-led initiative is working on filling this gap, with the support of the Faculty.  

Engineering Graduate Connections was created by three graduate students: Anuli Ndubuisi (OISE PhD candidate), who also serves as a research assistant at InVEST in ISTEP and the Encore Lab at OISEMai Ali (ECE PhD candidate) and D’Andre Wilson-Ihejirika (ChemE PhD candidate). In 2021, Ali and Wilson-Ihejirika were the first two students at U of T Engineering to be awarded the Indigenous and Black Engineering and Technology (IBET) Momentum Fellowships. 

“We are a group of passionate individuals who are interested in promoting graduate research opportunities for underrepresented graduate and undergraduate students,” says Ndubuisi. “This all began when we asked ourselves, ‘what can we do to support Black undergraduate students to get into research?’”   

Mai Ali is working on research in the field of artificial intelligence and healthcare analytics. (Photo: Safa Jinje)
Mai Ali is working on research in the field of artificial intelligence and healthcare analytics. (Photo: Safa Jinje)

“I’ve heard students tell me that they don’t want to go to grad school because they don’t want a career in academia,” says Ali. “But we want to emphasize that pursuing research won’t limit your career options.”  

As the recipient of mentorship throughout her education, Ali is grateful to have worked with supervisors who fostered her knowledge in various engineering streams and support her career ambitions. 

 “I really want to spread the word about the IBET fellowship, which opens a lot of doors for Black and Indigenous students,” she says. 

“As a graduate student, I’ve never been taught any courses by a Black faculty member, so I am eager to graduate and become a professor so that students like me — who are women and Black — can see more examples of people like them in this field. 

“I believe mentorship is really important since it can shape the path you follow during your degree and into your career.” 

Professor Deepa Kundur, Chair of ECE, notes the importance of having guidance from someone you can identify with on both personal and professional levels.

“It inherently reinforces confidence in their own abilities,” she says, adding, “I am overjoyed to be one of Mai’s PhD supervisors. She is an inspiration, and to see her on the team behind Engineering Graduate Connections means it’s destined to make a difference.”

Story from U of T Engineering News, with files from Matthew Tierney

For more information:

Jessica MacInnis
External Relations Manager
The Edward S. Rogers Sr. Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering
416-978-7997 |